I’m considering _____ a new computer, which is considered ______ a great help to my work.
A ． to buy; to be B ． buying; to be
C ． to buy; being D ． buying; being
Our country has become the first country in the world ________ a spaceship on the far side of the moon successfully.
A ． to land B ． landed
C ． landing D ． having landed
— He made an apology be blamed what he had done.
— It's really wise of him.
A ． so as to not; of B ． in order to not; for
C ． so as not to; for D ． in order not to; of
There are still 30 minutes ____, so we ____ hurry with lunch.
A ． going…needn’t B ． to leave…don’t need
C ． leaving…needn’t to D ． to go…needn’t
When the boss entered the room, the workers were pretending ____ hard at their machines.
A ． to work B ． to be working C ． to have worked D ． working
In such dry weather, the flowers will have to be watered if they _______.
A ． have survived B ． are to survive
C ． would survive D ． will survive
With WeChat Pay coming into widespread use, our household bills are convenient ____.
A ． paying B ． paid C ． to pay D ． to be paid
Difficult as rumours on social media are _______ ， the government will step up supervision （监管） so that people will not be easily misled ．
A ． preventing B ． to be prevented
C ． to prevent D ． being prevented
—Do you know the answer ______ the question?
—Yes, of course. The question is easy ______.
A ． of; to answer B ． of; to be answered
C ． to; to answer D ． to; to be answered
We came to the station ________ all the way, only ________ the train had just left.
A ． running, told B ． to run, telling
C ． to run, to be told D ． running, to be told
Tom asked the candy makers if they could make the chocolate easier ________ into small pieces.
A ． to break B ． breaking
C ． broken D ． break
_________, the student insisted that he should be separated from his roommates, who were noisy.
A ． To avoid being affected B ． To avoid to be affected
C ． Avoiding being affected D ． Avoiding to be affected
In a room above the store, where a party ______, some workers were busily setting the table.
A ． was to be held B ． has been held C ． will be held D ． is being held
Have you ever waited for your bus for a very long time, _____ by two or more buses arriving together?
A ． only to greet B ． only greeted C ． only to be greeted D ． only greeting
It’s standard practice for a company like this one______ a security officer.
A ． employed B ． being employed
C ． to employ D ． employs
Mrs. Black found her husband ________ a tall building and ________ very worried.
A ． entering; looked B ． enter; looked C ． entering; looking D ． enter; looking
_____, the student insisted that he _____ separated from his desk mate, who is very naughty.
A ． To avoid being affected; be B ． To avoid to be affected; would be
C ． Avoid being affected; should be D ． Avoiding to be affected; be
During the Mid-Autumn Festival, family members often gather together _________ a meal, admire the moon and enjoy moon cakes.
A ． share B ． to share
C ． having shared D ． shared
Hearing the news, he rushed out, _______the book ______on the table and disappeared into the dark.
A ． leaving; lying open B ． left; laid open
C ． leaving; lie open D ． left; lay open
The meeting planned next Monday is very important.
A ． to be held B ． held
C ． being held D ． holding
I prefer to have those advanced machines ________ rather than let them ________ by the enemies!
A ． destroyed…used B ． to be destroyed…be used
C ． destroyed…be used D ． to be destroyed…used
They realized that the problem Ted put forward was difficult _______.
A ． to solve B ． solved C ． to be solved D ． solving
You are supposed to leave your child ________ his homework alone.
A ． do B ． to do
C ． being done D ． done
You can’t imagine how excited we were ________ that our schoolmates had won the first place in National Robot Competition.
A ． learning B ． having learned
C ． to be learning D ． to learn
______when he broke into the school, the thief wore a school uniform.
A ． To avoid being recognized B ． To avoid recognizing
C ． To avoid to recognize D ． Avoid being recognized
As is often the case, there are always some barriers in the way, something _____ before we realize the real goal of our life.
A ． to be got through B ． got through C ． getting through D ． having been got through
Have you forgotten __________$1000 from me last month? Will you please remember ________ it tomorrow?
A ． borrowing; to bring B ． to borrow; bring
C ． borrowed; bringing D ． borrowing; bringing
In the "moon garden" onboard the Chang'e 4, the shoots of cotton marked the first live matter ever _____ on the moon.
A ． having grown B ． to be grown
C ． being grown D ． grown
In fact, _____ they want is just to make us_____ more money.
A ． That; cost B ． What; pay
C ． That; take D ． What; to spend
Every minute should be made use of ________ for the upcoming examinations.
A ． to prepare B ． prepared
C ． preparing D ． prepare
We had better put off interviewing the athlete, for he is busy preparing for an international contest __________ in Shanghai next month.
A ． held B ． to hold
C ． being held D ． to be held
The question of _____English will continue changing in the future remains _______.
A ． if; to be seen B ． whether; to see C ． whether; to be seen D ． if; seen
_______ economic growth, various measures are being taken to expand domestic demand.
A ． Having stabilized B ． Stabilizing
C ． Stabilized D ． To stabilize
________ it easier to get in touch with us, you’d better keep this card at hand.
A ． Made B ． Make
C ． Making D ． To make
As we all know, every minute, full use of our lessons, will do good to our students.
A ． which makes; studying B ． when made; to study
C ． that is made; to study D ． which is made; studying
—We are really making great progress in exploring space.
—Imagine how pleased the whole is ________ the news!
A ． hearing B ． to hear
C ． heard D ． to be hearing
Helen had to shout ________ above the sound of the music.
A ． making herself hear B ． to make herself hear
C ． making herself heard D ． to make herself heard
With lots of new words_____, he decides to read them every morning. His teacher said,“only if_____doing it_____make it .”
A ． to recite; you keep on ; can you B ． to recite; do you keep on , can you
C ． recited; do you keep on; you can D ． recited ; you keep on; you can
The message is very important, so it is supposed _______ as soon as possible.
A ． to be sent B ． to send C ． being sent D ． sending
______ us prepare for the exam, the teacher suggested reading through our notes.
A ． To help B ． Helped C ． Helping D ． Being helped
In many homes in the UK, the first person _______ has to make tea for the family.
A ． waking up B ． to wake up
C ． woke up D ． woken up
The airport ________ next year will help promote tourism in this area.
A ． being completed B ． to be completed
C ． completed D ． having been completed
—I failed to be admitted to my ideal university. Bad luck!
—How can you expect ________ a chance of success since you haven't committed yourself to it?
A ． there being B ． there to be
C ． it to be D ． it being
More than one boy of your members ______ to act in the short play, which is ______ tomorrow.
A ． are; to be performed B ． are; to perform
C ． is ； to be performed D ． is; to perform
We have been informed of the strict rules _____ for garbage sorting in the near future.
A ． adopted B ． to adopt C ． to be adopted D ． having adopted
The girl came ___________to the bus stop，only ________ the bus had gone.
A ． running; to find B ． to run; to find
C ． and run; found D ． running; finding
With a lot of difficult problems ________, the newly-elected president is having a hard time.
A ． settled B ． settling
C ． to settle D ． being settled
Peter was so excited _________ he received an invitation from his friend __________Chongqing.
A ． that; to visit B ． when; to visit
C ． that; visiting D ． when; visiting
________ the convenience of digital payment, many senior citizens started to use smart phones.
A ． To enjoy B ． Enjoying C ． To have enjoyed D ． Enjoy
Lady Gaga was reported _____ an Oscar Award in 2019 for the Best Original Song Shallow in the film A Star Is Born.
A ． to award B ． Awarding C ． to have been awarded D ． being awarded
--Mark, I failed in the exam again, I’m so upset.
--Don’t worry, I think the first thing ______ is ______ your weak points.
A ． to do, find out B ． being done, to find out
C ． to do, to hold out D ． being done, hold out
Much disappointed as he is ____ in the job interview, he still keeps his confidence.
A ． to have failed B ． to fail C ． having failed D ． failing
Having finished her project, she was invited by the school to the new students.
A ． speaking B ． having spoken C ． to speak D ． to have spoken
The study ， from academics at Harvard ， claims __________ the first clear evidence showing that when temperatures go up ， school performance goes down ．
A ． to have produced B ． to produce
C ． producing D ． being produced
In 2012, Sun Yang became the first Chinese man _____ an Olympic gold medal in swimming.
A ． winning B ． to win
C ． having won D ． being won
Anxiously, she took the dress out of the package and tried it on, only _________ it didn’t fit
A ． to find B ． found
C ． finding D ． having found
Susan took a taxi and hurried to arrive at the company, only ________ that the meeting had been put off.
A ． to tell B ． to be told
C ． telling D ． being told
—Mr. Johnson, I’m really sorry ________ you waiting for so long a time.
—I know you are very busy at the moment.
A ． to have kept B ． to keep
C ． to be keeping D ． to have been kept
Beijing's new international airport ___________ into use in 2019 will serve 72 million passengers annually.
A ． being put B ． to be put
C ． put D ． putting
Researchers claim ________ the first proof that getting a regular eight-hour sleep every night makes a real difference to our health.
A ． finding B ． having found
C ． to find D ． to have found
I like getting up very early in summer. The morning air is so good .
A ． to be breathed B ． to breathe
C ． breathing D ． being breathed
By no means ________ when we try to create a global brand.
A ． the cultural factor is to neglect
B ． is the cultural factor to neglect
C ． the cultural factor is to be neglected
D ． is the cultural factor to be neglected
Some of our history were glorious, others best left in our historical records, never ______.
A ． to repeat B ． to be repeated
C ． being repeated D ． having been repeated
The sign on the wall of the library says, “No magazine is allowed out of the reading room”.
A ． being taken B ． to take
C ． to be taken D ． taking
_____ the oil under the sea, the company has raised ample funds to develop petroleum exploration equipment.
A ． Exploiting B ． Having exploited
C ． To exploit D ． Exploited
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Last October I left the UK behind and joined Gillotts School on their rugby and hockey tour in sunny Italy. It was my first time away on a sports tour and I could not have enjoyed it 1 ． (much)! Five days of sports, between training and matches with Italian players, but also plenty 2 ． time for sightseeing and free moments to enjoy an ice cream in the sun.
3 ． our flight had landed in Milan, we got on our coach and drove for a couple of hours towards our home for the week, the Hotel San Zeno, a 4 ． (comfort), family-run accommodation, with a splendid view of Lake Garda. Starting the day with a self-led training, enjoying a boat tour on the lake, wandering along the streets of Sirmione for a few hours and heading off 5 ． (play) a sport — these are just a few 6 ． (example) of the kind of adventures you could be having!
The girls and boys on this tour seemed to enjoy 7 ． (they) thoroughly, especially after winning ALL of their games! I found myself 8 ． (cheer) them on like a proud aunt and celebrating afterwards with food, drink and social time, hosted by rugby clubs after matches. On the last day we headed back to 9 ． airport, but not before stopping in Milan! We 1 0 ． (pay) a visit to the San Siro museum and enjoyed a stadium tour before moving on to Milan city centre for an afternoon of shopping.
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
A Relay Event Brings Diverse Cultures Together
When Herman Kambugu received the good news he was expecting, he did something unusual. He ran for 32km in 1 ． (celebrate).Kambugu , who works for the Standard Chartered Bank (StanChart) in Uganda, was among the over 86,000 employees around the world who had attempted 2 ． (take) part in a relay across Belt and Road countries as a way to see how the Belt and Road Initiative ( 一带一路 )is developing. Kambugu and seven more of his coworkers in StanChart’s offices around the world visited 44 destinations along the Belt and Road routes, 3 ． helped them understand the initiative better.
Kambugu 4 ． (witness) how the Belt and Road Initiative is changing life for 5 ． better in East Africa so far, “The Mombasa-Nairobi Railway has not only shortened transportation time, but also created over 20,000 jobs for local people in Kenya ， ”he said. Serena Leung from the Hong Kong office said 6 ． she had seen during her journey impressed 7 ． (she). In some places, people greeted them in Mandarin. They spoke it 8 ． (fluently) than some people from Hong Kong ， she said jokingly.
“By running together, we run further ， ” added Therese Neo ， a customer manager from the Singapore office. As she saw it, the countries 9 ． (participate) in the Belt and Road Initiative were like the 10 ． (runner). When they join forces, they have a better shared future.
Many teens in high school want to try out for sports because they think playing sports will make them more popular. But there are lots of other 1 ． （ benefit）of sports that teens may overlook （忽视） .
With TV, movies, computers, and video games 2 ． （ become）more and more popular, it has become much 3 ． （ easy）for teens to be home by themselves rather than going out with friends. Teens used to hang out at the mall or drive around the town; now they just sit at home. Getting teens into a sport 4 ． （ give）them an opportunity to go out and socialize. 5 ． they may not find a new best friend, they will learn how to interact and work as 6 ． team, something that they'll find 7 ． （ use）later in life.
More and more teens are becoming overweight. If teens see that their physical condition is causing them to perform 8 ． （ bad）, they may be motivated to do other activities 9 ． （ get）healthy. When your children reach their youth, part of good parenting will provide them 1 0 ． the direction and encouragement and continue to help them develop a healthy style of living.
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The Wandering Earth is a Chinese science fiction movie, 1 ． is based on the novel of 2 ． same name by Liu Cixin, and was released on February 5, 2019, the Chinese New Year’s Day.
After learning the sun is dying out, people all around the world feel 3 ． (frighten),
so they build giant planet thrusters ( 星球推进器 ) 4 ． ( move ) the earth out of its orbit and sail 5 ． to a new star system. The 2500 years’ journey comes with unexpected dangers, but in order to save humanity, a group of young people come out bravely and fight hard for everyone’s 6 ． (survive).
We 7 ． (impress) to see the theme of this film. It doesn’t particularly show somebody’s ability to save our world 8 ． shows all the human beings are working together, 9 ． (spare) no effort to save this world.
The Wandering Earth is seen by people as the dawn( 开端 ) of Chinese science fiction movies. It means that China’s sci-fi movies have 1 0 ． (official) set sail.
阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容 (1 个单词 ) 或括号内单词的正确形式 .
When someone has deeply hurt you, it can be very difficult to let go of your anger. But forgiveness is possible — and it can be surprisingly 1 ． (benefit) to your physical and mental health. So far, research 2 ． (show) that people who forgive can have more energy, better appetite and better sleep. "People who forgive show 3 ． (little) anger and more hopefulness," says Dr. Fre deric Luskin, who wrote the book Forgive for Good. So it can help reduce the tiredness out of the immune system and allow people 4 ． (feel) more energetic."
So when someone has hurt you, cool down first. Take a couple of breaths and think of something 5 ． gives you pleasure: a beautiful scene in nature, or someone you love. Don't wait for an 6 ． (apologize). “Many times the person who hurt you may never think of apologizing," says Dr. Luskin. "They may have wanted to hurt you or they just don't see things in 7 ． same way. So if you wait for people to say sorry, you could be waiting a very long time."
Next keep in mind that forgiveness does not necessarily mean 8 ． (accept) the action of the person who upsets you. Instead, learn to look for the love, beauty and kindness around you. Finally, try to see things from the other person's perspective. You may realize that he 9 ． she was acting out of ignorance. To gain perspective, you may want to write a letter to 1 0 ． (you) from that person's point of view.
阅读下面短文 , 在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
A grape seed that falls into the soil of Xinjiang is very fortunate, as Xinjiang is 1 ． (well) suited for growing grapes than anywhere else. Here, a grape seed can grow to its full potential. 2 ． its high altitudes( 海拔 ), long periods of dry weather and abundant sunshine, Xinjiang produces fruits with extremely high sugar content. Every fall, a large number of grapes are shipped from Xinjiang to other parts of China, 3 ． the rest are made into raisins for easy storage.
In the vineyards of Moyu, thanks to the hot and dry climate that results from being surrounded by the desert, huge quantities of large and 4 ． (juice) grapes with very thin skins are produced. These grapes bring wealth as well as their delicious 5 ． (sweet) to the locals.
In mid-September, 6 ． their Seedless White grapes ripen, local farmers are busy picking grapes 7 ． (transport) to other parts of the country. Bunches of glowing white grapes 8 ． (hang) on the vines, waiting to be picked. If you pick one and put 9 ． in your mouth, you will surely never forget the wonderful taste produced by the 1 0 ． (burn) sun and the desert wind of southern Xinjiang.
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。请把正确答案填写在答题卡相应题号的横线上。
Good morning, everyone. This is Chris at the school radio station.
As we all mow, psychological health is as important as physical health. However, it's quite 1 ． (worry) that may of us are suffering from poor psychological health. We've interviewed some psychology teachers at our school, and they’ve given us some advice on how 2 ． (improve) psychological health.
Firstly: you can share your concerns with people you trust, 3 ． support and care may help you get 4 ． the difficulties. Besides, learn to view trouble 5 ． (wise) as everyone meets with difficulties now and then. Remind 6 ． (you) that only those who are confident and 7 ． (determine) can go far and achieve more. Lastly, when 8 ． (feel) sad for a long time, you’d better go to the mental guide room without 9 ． (hesitate), where practical advice will 1 0 ． (offer) to help ease your pressure.
The world is just what you think it is. Learn to control your own world!
Thank you for listening.
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Nowadays more and more people like to travel, 1 ． (especial) when vacations come.A great number of people rush out of their homes or companies to 2 ． (travel) spots. They either drive or take a bus, a train, a ship 3 ． so on. Some even ride bikes.
However, there 4 ． (be) another way of travelling—poorism. People have a tour in 5 ． poorest areas of the worlds Some people may take a one-day poorest tour, and some even pay to stay in very poor neighborhoods 6 ． (experience) the lowest living standards in the worlds Poorism tours take place around the world, and not just in the third world 7 ． (country).You can, for instance, tour New York neighborhoods in the Bronx. Such tours can take people into the heart of poor areas.These tours may awaken people to pay 8 ． (much) attention to long-standing poverty, or the effects of war.
Some think that tours in the poor areas can raise social care. And the money from the tour can 9 ． (donate) to help the people 1 0 ． live there.
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One Saturday afternoon ， my mother was driving home. On the halfway ， after pulling out her credit card to buy something at the store near the gas station ， she put her wallet on 1 ． top of her car just for a moment 2 ． (answer) my phone call. And then obviously ， she forgot and drove off. When arriving home ， she realized that and thought the chance 3 ． getting it again was small.
She was so joyfully surprised when she found a note 4 ． (stick)on her door from a person who said he and his friend found her wallet a few hours earlier. Patrick and Catherine saw the wallet in the middle of the road a few blocks from the gas station. They stopped their car to pick it up. It was filled with all the things one 5 ． (natural)kept in a wallet ， some bills and some cash included. However ， no phone number ， regardless of this ， they 6 ． (manage)to get an address from my mother’s driving licence ， and without hesitation ， they decided to drive to our home to return it.
When my mother went to get her wallet ， she was so 7 ． (relief) and grateful. She intended to give them some money as an 8 ． (express) of gratitude ， but they refused ， saying that they were just glad to offer my mother help.
They were honest ， and they had firm faith in the Golden Rule as well. They drove to our home because they realized the unpleasant and upset experience 9 ． the loss of a wallet and all its contents could cause. I think they were really 1 0 ． (consider) and helpful.
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The Hong Kong-zhuhai-macao Bridge opened to the public on 23rd October 2018.It is the world's 1 ． (long ） cross-sea bridge.It 2 ． （ connect ） Hong Kong and Macao to the mainland Chinese city of Zhuhai.
The bridge is 55 kilometres long and is expected to be in use for about one hundred 3 ． （ year ） .The building of the bridge began in December 2009 and it took nine years 4 ． (complete ） .About 50,000 workers, engineers and designers from the Chinese mainland and Hong Kong and Macao played 5 ． part in the building of the bridge.
The Y-shaped bridge, 6 ． （ start ） from Lantau Island in Hong Kong and branching （分岔） out to Zhuhai and Macao, cuts the travel time between Hong Kong and Zhuhai to thirty minutes .
“It used to take more than four hours to go to Zhuhai on wheels, 7 ． now it is just half an hour's drive on the bridge "said a driver who 8 ． . （ travel ） between Hong Kong and Guangdong for years.
As a joint project between Hong Kong, Macao and Guangdong, the bridge 9 ． (consider ） to be an engineering wonder.
The bridge serves 1 0 ． a bond between Hong Kong, Macao and some Guangdong cities.It is a"symbol of the Greater Bay Area, "said a Hong Kong official.
阅读下面的短文，在空白处填入适当的内容（ 1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。
A lot of films have tried to describe our memories of family members who have passed away. But few have done as 1 ． (remark) as Coco, Disney-Pixar’s latest animation, 2 ． hit the big screen on Nov. 24 and won the Oscar in 2018.
3 ． (inspire) by the Mexican holiday of Day of the Dead, the film’s production team created a young boy, Miguel, who wants his family to understand his love of music. An accident takes him to the Land of the Dead. While there, Miguel has 4 ． unforgettable and adventurous night.
It’s in this magical world 5 ． Miguel gets to meet and discover the truth about his great-great-grandpa. To protect him from 6 ． (disappear), Miguel has to bring his photo back to the living world as soon as possible.
While told with a wild imagination, the story 7 ． (convey) a clear and warm message. “In an era when young people are so easily attracted by 8 ． (celebrity), Coco reveals the emptiness of such adulation ( 谄媚 ), teaching kids 9 ． (preserve) and respect the memory of their elders while reminding them that the source of true creativity is so often 1 0 ． (person),” wrote reporter Peter Debruge on Variety.
阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（ 1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。
Life is often a matter of waiting for the right moment to act. Sun Yang was the first Chinese man 1 ． (win) an Olympic gold medal in swimming. That moment 2 ． (come) last month, when he won the men’s 200-meter freestyle event at the Asian Games.
Sun has accomplished a Golden Grand Slam, having won the 200, 400 and 1, 500-meter freestyle events at the Asian Games, World Championships and Olympic Games. His 3 ． (patient) and persistence have paid off. The 26-year-old swimmer told Xinhua News Agency, “Not many swimmers could have waited for eight years over three Asian Games like me. My dream has 4 ． (final) come true.”
While Sun stood on a podium ( 领奖台 ) 5 ． (listen) to the Chinese national anthem ( 国歌 ) along with the silver and bronze medal winners, a technical problem caused the nedalists’ flags to drop to the ground. Sun jumped off the podium, walked over to the officials and demanded that the flags again. 6 ． the end, the officials held the flags up themselves as China’s national anthem played a second time.
Many Chinese Internet users thought Suns reaction to the incident to be an act of patriotism ( 爱国主义 ). “ 7 ． is great to win the championship, but 8 ． (see) our national flag go up again is also very important. Winning the title is an achievement 9 ． will be remembered, but raising the flag again is also of great 10 ． (important).”
阅读下面的材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（ 1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。
Reggie was a normal boy, but he had been born deaf. He was well known to everyone in town, and they were all very fond 1 ． him. Unfortunately, he always seemed to be treated 2 ． (different) from everyone else.
Reggie didn’t like this very much. But the person 3 ． disliked this the most was his friend Michael. Michael decided that things had to change. So he managed to persuade other people in town 4 ． (choose) one day of the festival for deaf people this year. During that whole day everyone in town would have to wear earplugs ( 耳塞 ). The day 5 ． (call) The Day of Silence, and when it arrived everyone stuck plugs in their ears. As the hours passed, people began to realize 6 ． difficult life was for the deaf. Soon no one was thinking of Reggie as a deaf person. Using 7 ． (he) usual gestures, Reggie was the one who could communicate best with everyone. They were 8 ． (surprise) at his ability to find solutions to almost any problem. They realized all Reggie needed was a little 9 ． (much) time than others to communicate. That was the only difference.
It 10 ． (be) on this day that everyone realized they have to give people a chance to show how useful they are.
Luoyang is one of the cities in China 1 ． artistic, religious and scientific cultures all once developed like never before. Daoism began there and the first Buddhist temple 2 ． （ build ） in the city. This special spot is not only the hometown of China’s most famous 3 ． （ invent ） including papermaking, printing and the compass, but also home to the nation's most brilliant poets and painters.
Today, Luoyang still attracts many tourists every year. Located in the middle reaches （中游） of the Yellow River in Central China's Henan Province and 4 ． （ surround ） by mountains and plains, Luoyang occupies 5 ． important strategic （战略的） location.
As one of China's ancient capitals, Luoyang was a seat of power for 13 dynasties and is a city with a splendid historical and 6 ． （ culture ） background. Its long history endows （赋予） it with rich culture, which is 7 ． （ easy ） seen in grand palaces, temples and caves. The city is also well known 8 ． the“City of Peony”. In spring, many tourists travel to Luoyang 9 ． （ appreciate ） the beautiful peony. Luoyang is now an energetic and charming tourist place that 10 ． （ welcome ） guests from all over the world to explore its glorious past.
If we are honest with ourselves, most of us have dreamed of 1 ． (be)rich and famous. Most musicians form a band because of the same interest 2 ． writing and playing music. They may play anywhere 3 ． (earn)some extra money as well as achieve their dreams. However, the Monkees, 4 ． started differently, 5 ． (begin) as a TV show with musicians playing jokes and music in the programme. Only after a year or so 6 ． they become more serious and they 7 ． (produce) their own records and later became even 8 ． (popular) than the Beatles in the USA．The band once 9 ． (break) up and then reunited. In memory 10 ． their former time as a real band, they produced a new record in 1996.
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Students at a primary school in Hangzhou had their first class 1 ． March 1st on movable type. This is 2 ． ancient Chinese printing system.
The West Lake Primary School in Zhejiang Province has introduced the course in the new term. An expert in Chinese characters culture has been invited to the campus ， 3 ． major responsibility is to teach students how 4 ． (use) the ancient printing technology. Students attend lectures on the history of mova type along with 5 ． (interest) classes on typesetting and printing. They then print their own document ， 6 ． (apply) the knowledge they’ve learned. One student printed her 7 ． (new) written essay “Whether the traditional red envelopes kids receive belong to them or their parents?”
8 ． (know) as one of the four great inventions of ancient China ， movable type printing 9 ． (invent) by Bi Sheng in the 1040s during the Song Dynasty ， and it is the world’s first system of movable type printing.
The school said the course is aimed at improving the students’ awareness of Chinese characters and their 10 ． (appreciate) of Chinese culture.
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
For the first time in the history of Peking Opera ， four women performed a piece in the China National Peking Opera Company(CNPOC)productions 1 ． May 27 th at Shanghai’s Majestic Theater. The Peking Opera performance was one of the 51 2 ． ( produce)showed at the 12 th China Art Festival in Shang-hai. The CNPOC brought together three stories 3 ． (base)on events (luring the Red Array’s Long March.“They are stories about the 4 ． (brave)of the Red Army during the Long March ， ”says Song Chen ， head of the CNPOC．“In the play ， you can see 5 ． these soldiers do to sacrifice themselves to help others. People will be 6 ． (deep)touched by their faith and devotion.”
One of the stories is about three women soldiers 7 ． (stay)for a night at a farmer’s home in a village. They sleep in the home of a local woman named Xu Jiexiu ， and feel sorry for her poor living conditions. When they leave the next morning, a soldier uses a pair of scissors 8 ． (cut)up the only quilt she has ， leaving half of it for the village woman.
Peking Opera styles 9 ． (develop)over hundreds of years ， 10 ． creates a wide range of roles each featuring distinctive methods of performance and singing styles.
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
The Creator of Middle Earth
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, better known as J. R. R. Tolkien, was born in 1892 in South Africa. His parents had moved there looking for 1 ． better job for his father. Three years 2 ． (late), his mother took him on a trip to England to visit family. While they were away, they received terrible news that his father had died.
3 ． (grow ) up without a father must have been difficult for Tolkien. Worse still, when he was only twelve years old, his mother also passed away. As a child, he had a great passion for language and in 1908, he went to Oxford University 4 ． (study) languages and literature. In 1915, he joined the army and fought in the battle against the Germans. But soon, he became too ill to fight and returned 5 ． England the following year. He didn’t have a 6 ． (satisfy) childhood himself, so around in 1933, he spent much time telling his children fantasy 7 ． (story) of a hobbit ( 霍比特人 ) called Bilbo. He first put it in writing in 1936, 8 ． turned out to be a surprising hit. The publisher asked him to write another. He did so and in 1948 published The Lord of the Rings, which 9 ． (publish) in three volumes between 1954 and 1955.
Tolkien, 10 ． (age) eighty-one, died in 1973.
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Since July 2019, China’s online food-delivery platform Eleme 1 ． (carry) out a new service of picking up garbage from its users in Shanghai.
The service comes after 2 ． recently-released regulation on waste management in Shanghai. Individuals 3 ． throw away their garbage without being sorted out can be fined up to 200 yuan, while companies and 4 ． (organize) can face fines up to 50,000 yuan.
The trash takeaway service requires residents to sort 5 ． (they) own garbage before it 6 ． (pick) up by workers from Eleme, who will ensure the waste is disposed of in the correct garbage bins.
It’s obvious that this service is 7 ． (convenience) to the old, especially to the disabled customers. 8 ． , many netizens on Sina Weibo don’t think Eleme is providing a wonderful service, saying it just wants 9 ． (make) money. They think 12 yuan for an order is too much. Besides, many more people doubt if these collectors will wash their hands after dealing 10 ． the trash.
阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（ 1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。
Many great people in the world devote themselves to 1 ． (improve) society in their own ways. For example, Jane Goodall, a woman from Britain, would rather spend time studying chimps in the wild in Africa than 2 ． (lead) a comfortable life. For 40 years she 3 ． (be) outspoken about making the rest of the world understand and respect the life of chimps, Lin Qiaozhi, a specialist in women's diseases, is another woman who has made great 4 ． (achieve). There was story after story of no matter 5 ． tired after a day's work, she went late at night to deliver a baby for a poor family. It was because of her hard work and great consideration to her patients that hundreds of babies 6 ． (deliver) safely by her. 7 ． third example is Yuan Longping, the first agricultural pioneer in the world 8 ． (grow) super hybrid rice. Using his hybrid rice, farmers can produce harvests twice as large as before. Therefore, now the UN has more tools in the battle to rid the world 9 ． hunger. In short, so 1 0 ． (impress) is their work that they all deserve praising and learning from.
1 ． Many westerners _________ come to China cook much less than in their own countries once they realize how cheap _________ can be to eat out.
2 ． Two of the authors of the review also made a study published in 2014 _________ showed a mere five to 10 minutes a day of running reduced the risk of heart disease and early deaths from all _________ (cause).
3 ． The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture finds that between 2005 — when the government _________ (start) a soil-testing program _________ gives specific fertilizer recommendations to farmers — and 2011, fertilizer use dropped by 7.7 million tons.
4 ． Like anything, it is possible to have too much of both, _________ is not good for the health.
5 ． But Sarah, ___________ has taken part in shows along with top models, wants __________ (prove) that she has brains as well as beauty.
阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（ 1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。
The British have many traditions but there is nothing more quintessential ( 典型的 ) than taking afternoon tea. We know the British have a love affair with drinking tea, 1 ． more than 160 million cups drunk every day, but it was the invention of afternoon tea that turned tea-drinking into 2 ． popular pastime.
This sociable feast involves drinking good quality tea 3 ． (comfort) while nibbling ( 小口吃 ) on nice sandwiches, scones with jam and cream and a selection of small cakes. And, of course, it can only happen in the afternoon! Afternoon tea, 4 ． (design) as a light snack to bridge the gap between lunch and dinner, dates back to the 1840s. It went on to become a 5 ． (fashion) social occasion for the upper classes.
Now there is a resurgence ( 复苏 ) in its 6 ． (popular) in the UK and it is available to anyone who can afford it. 7 ． it can be enjoyed at home, the best way to experience it is at a smart hotel of café. But if you’re thinking of visiting such a place 8 ． (enjoy) a plate of sweet and tasty treats with a steaming hot brew, remember the rules you must follow to avoid 9 ． (ask) to leave.
Writer Henry James once noted that “there are few hours in life more agreeable than the hour devoted to the ceremony known as afternoon tea”. I’m sure once you try it, you 10 ． (agree).
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
What makes the sea tum red and causes thousands of fish to die ？ As far back as anyone could remember ， the blame was placed on the "red tides. " In 1947 ， scientists finally connected the red tides with a microscopic sea organism （有机体） 1 ． （ call ） the dinoflagellate.
The dinoflagellate is so tiny 2 ． 6 ， 000 of these organisms may be contained in 3 ． single drop of water. It stands on the borderline between plant and animal in its clasification. it produces its own food ， as plants do. But it moves 4 ． （ free ） and eats other organisms ， as animals do.
Dinoflagellates are normally only one of the many kinds of organisms found in plankton. Plankton is the name given to all very small 5 ． （ form ） of sea life. However ， when the air and water 6 ． （ be ） calm and warm ， dinoflagellates multiply with 7 ． （ amaze ） sped. The surface of the water appears 8 ． （ cover ） with a red carpet.
The dinoflagellates give off a poison. Many fish die. Their bodies are washed up on the beach. Beaches are not fit 9 ． any use. Fish that are not killed may become 10 ． （ poison ） to animals or people who eat them. Commercial fishing comes to a stop.
As dinoflagellates consume all the food and oxygen in an area ， they die. After a time ， the sea returns to normal. But when conditions are right ， the red tide comes again.
阅读下面短文 , 在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
It has been widely accepted that dinosaurs died out because of 1 ． unexpected incident.But wildlife today 2 ． (disappear) or is in danger just because humans do harm to it.For example,tigers are hunted for fur to make carpets; grassland 3 ． (destroy) without mercy( 怜悯 ) so that a lot of animals can only live in secure reserves.
Last year, scientists saw some monkeys making use of a certain kind of insects to protect themselves 4 ． fierce mosquitoes.After a careful study, scientists found that the insects contain a 5 ． (power)drug.Then local farmers were employed 6 ． (catch) the insects to make medicine.The result was 7 ． the insects disappeared from the whole area.When the farmers were told that it was a loss to humans they burst into laughter and responded,“ The real loss is 8 ． (we) decreasing income.”
We should appreciate the natural balance and pay more attention to the 9 ． (important) of wildlife protection.Not until we succeed in 10 ． (let) wildlife live in peace, can we smile in relief.
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Last weekend, I was lucky enough 1 ． (tour) the World Heritage city of Pingyao in Shanxi province. The ancient city 2 ． (preserve) within the original city wall.
The highlight ( 最精彩部分 ) of our tour was a visit 3 ． the famous Qiao family compound ( 乔家大院 ), about 30 kilometers north of Pingyao. It was 4 ． the Chinese film Raise the Red Lantern was shot, directed by Zhang Yimou in 1991. We went in the evening and the warm, clear weather made it the perfect time to appreciate this 18th century marvel ( 奇迹 ) of Chinese architecture. Qiao Guifa started building 5 ． compound in 1756 during the Qing Dynasty.
Who was he? Qiao began life as a servant, 6 ． rose to become one of the most successful 7 ． (businessman) of the age. The large, splendid home he established 8 ． (have) six main courtyards, 20 smaller ones and 313 rooms in all. Qiao lived there with his family and dozens of servants, as did later generations of his family.
9 ． may surprise you to hear that one of the best parts of the trip was the hotel I stayed in. It was no 5-star place, but an authentic 18th century building. As I dropped off to sleep in the 10 ． (comfort) bed in my simple room, I felt as if I had traveled back to another century.
1 ． (2019· 全国 Ⅰ )All the football players on the playground cheered loudly, say that I had a talent for football.
2 ． (2019· 全国 III)If I succeed in manage one, I will open more.
3 ． (2018· 全国 Ⅰ )My grandpa said last summer they earned quite a lot by sell the fish.
4 ． (2018· 全国 II)But no matter how many times I asked to watching them, my parents would not let me.
5 ． (2018· 全国 III)Everyone was silent, wait to see who would be called upon to read his or her paragraph aloud.
6 ． (2018· 全国 III)Some of us were confident and eager take part in the class activity, others were nervous and anxious.
1 ． He had a strong desire for help and care for people.
2 ． She is cold--hearted and has no sympathy to the poor.
3 ． Her mother is not in the favour of her marriage at all.
4 ． The singer was accompanied to the piano by her sister.
5 ． We were much alarming by the fire in the forest.
6 ． Germany declared war to France.
7 ． Aged people are always envied of the young.
8 ． Can you do me favor?
9 ． Under that tree sit a beautiful girl.
10 ． Where it was that the remains of the plane were found.
1 ． Mr. Li arrived at the train station twenty minutes ago, but his train didn’t come yet.
2 ． My brother has left for America on business upon my arrival, so I didn’t have a chance to see him off.
3 ． We went to the airport early in order to have enough time check in.
4 ． Which the proverb goes, “The enemy in disguise is just like the wolf in sheep’s clothing.”
5 ． He has kept on learning English by radio for three years without interrupting.
6 ． It is assuming that mental health is related to physical health.
7 ． The new report has great significant for the next step of economic development.
8 ． It was raining heavily, but he went on working in the field regardless the bad weather.
9 ． As many as 150 workers died in the accident. If only the employers paid enough attention to the safety measures!
10 ． In the first half of this year the total sales rose by 20 per cent as comparing with that of last year.
短文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加 : 在缺词处加一个漏词符号 ( ∧ ) ，并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除 : 把多余的词用斜线 (\) 划掉。
修改 : 在错的词下面划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意 :1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限二词；
2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者 ( 从第 11 处起 ) 不计分。
Simon’s father bought him the new bike the day before yesterday, which made him very exciting. Then he began to ride it fast on the road. Seeing a man getting closely to him, Simon couldn’t stop it and as a result, he knock into the man. Being very kind, so the man didn’t scold him at all. Instead, he told him how dangerously it was to ride a bike so fast. He asked him to keep the lesson in mind. Simon felt regretful but ashamed. He promised keep the lesson in mind forever. Then, the man bent on and began to repair his bike. After a while, he got them repaired. Simon was greatly moved. He thanked the man and left happily.
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
删除：把多余的词用斜线 ( ＼ ) 划掉。
注意： 1 ．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；
2 ．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。
China has successful landed a robotic spacecraft on the far side of the Moon. This is the first time that a craft had landed on the far side that has never been exploring. The Chang'e-4 probe is carrying equipments to analyze the region's geology and conducted a series of experiments.The Chang'e-4 probe has already sent back it first pictures from the surface, that were shared by state media. As previous Moon missions have only landed on the Earth-facing side, so the landing is seen as a major milestone( 里程碑 )on space exploration.A last crewed landing was Apollo 17 in 1972.
1 ． (2019· 全国 Ⅰ )Modern methods of tracking polar bear populations have been employed only since the mid-1980s, and are expensive __________ (perform) consistently over a large area.
2 ． (2019· 全国 Ⅰ )Scientists have responded by __________ (note) that hungry bears may be congregating( 聚集 ) around human settlements, leading to the illusion( 错觉 ) that populations are higher than they actually are.
3 ． (2019· 全国 II)A 90-year-old has been awarded “Woman Of The Year” for __________ (be) Britain’s oldest full-time employee—still working 40 hours a week.
4 ． (2019· 全国 II)Picking up her “Lifetime Achievement” award, proud Irene declared she had no plans __________ (retire) from her 36-year-old business.
5 ． (2019· 全国 II)When we got a call __________ (say) she was short-listed, we thought it was a joke.
6 ． (2019· 全国 III)On the last day of our week-long stay, we were invited to attend a private concert on a beautiful farm on the North Shore under the stars, __________ (listen) to musicians and meeting interesting locals.
7 ． (2018· 全国 Ⅰ )You don’t have to run fast or for long __________ (see) the benefit.
8 ． (2018· 全国 Ⅰ )You may drink, smoke, be overweight and still reduce your risk of __________ (die) early by running.
9 ． (2018· 全国 II)The government encourages farmers to grow corn instead of rice __________ (improve) water quality.
1 0 ． (2018· 全国 II)China’s approach to protecting its environment while __________ (feed) its citizens offers useful lessons for agriculture and food policymakers worldwide.
1 1 ． (2018· 全国 III)I quickly lower myself, ducking my head to avoid __________ (look) directly into his eyes so he doesn’t feel __________ (challenge).
1 2 ． (2018· 全国 III)Once his message was delivered, he allowed me __________ (stay) and watch.
1 3 ． (2017· 全国 Ⅰ )They are required __________ (process) the food that we eat.
1 4 ． (2017· 全国 Ⅰ )By __________ (eat) more fast food people will get more salt and fat than they need in their diet.
1 5 ． (2017· 全国 II)This included digging up the road, __________ (lay) the track and then building a strong roof over the top.
1 6 ． (2017· 全国 III)But unlike school friends, 16-year-old Sarah is not spending half-term __________ (rest).
1 7 ． (2017· 全国 III)But Sarah, who has taken part in shows along with top models, wants __________ (prove) that she has brains as well as beauty.
1 ． (2020· 浙江学考 )The median( 中位数的 ) age of an American in 1950 was 30-today it is 41 and is expected __________ (increase) to 42 by 2050.
2 ． (2019· 浙江高考 )But some students didn’t want __________ (wear) the uniform.
3 ． (2019· 浙江高考 )When the children are walking or __________ (cycle) to school on dark mornings, car drivers can easily see them.
4 ． (2018· 浙江学考 )One study showed that women who drank a lot of coffee, like eight or more cups per day, while they were pregnant were more likely __________ (have) children with birth defects.
5 ． (2018· 浙江学考 )Larger amounts of caffeine can cause a problem __________ (call) caffeinism.
6 ． (2018· 浙江高考 )I still remember __________ (visit) a friend who’d lived here for five years and I was shocked when I learnt she hadn’t cooked once in all that time.
7 ． (2017· 浙江学考 )It is far better than any other method because you improve your vocabulary while __________ (read) an interesting piece of literature.
8 ． (2017· 浙江学考 )Another nice thing is that you learn both new words and their use unconsciously, meaning that you will tend to use the words __________ (learn) this way in conversations almost automatically.
9 ． (2017· 浙江高考 )Sixteen years earlier, Pahlsson had removed the diamond ring __________ (cook) a meal.
10 ． (2019· 全国 Ⅰ)Modern methods of tracking polar bear populations have been employed only since the mid-1980s, and are expensive __________ (perform) consistently over a large area.
11 ． (2019· 全国 Ⅰ)Scientists have responded by __________ (note) that hungry bears may be congregating( 聚集 ) around human settlements, leading to the illusion( 错觉 ) that populations are higher than they actually are.
12 ． (2019· 全国 II)A 90-year-old has been awarded “Woman Of The Year” for __________ (be) Britain’s oldest full-time employee—still working 40 hours a week.
13 ． (2019· 全国 II)Picking up her “Lifetime Achievement” award, proud Irene declared she had no plans __________ (retire) from her 36-year-old business.
14 ． (2019· 全国 II)When we got a call __________ (say) she was short-listed, we thought it was a joke.
15 ． (2019· 全国 III)On the last day of our week-long stay, we were invited to attend a private concert on a beautiful farm on the North Shore under the stars, __________ (listen) to musicians and meeting interesting locals.
16 ． (2018· 全国 Ⅰ)You don’t have to run fast or for long __________ (see) the benefit.
17 ． (2018· 全国 Ⅰ)You may drink, smoke, be overweight and still reduce your risk of __________ (die) early by running.
18 ． (2018· 全国 II)The government encourages farmers to grow corn instead of rice __________ (improve) water quality.
19 ． (2018· 全国 II)China’s approach to protecting its environment while __________ (feed) its citizens offers useful lessons for agriculture and food policymakers worldwide.
20 ． (2018· 全国 III)I quickly lower myself, ducking my head to avoid __________ (look) directly into his eyes so he doesn’t feel __________ (challenge).
21 ． (2018· 全国 III)Once his message was delivered, he allowed me __________ (stay) and watch.
1 ． They might have found a better hotel if they _______ (drive) a few more kilometers.
2 ． If only I _______ (pass) the driving test last week!
3 ． Jack is a great talker. It’s high time that he _______ (do)something instead of just talking.
4 ． I wish I were at my son’s graduation ceremony, but I ______ (be) on a business trip then.
5 ． There was a terrible noise _______ (follow) the sudden burst of light.
6 ． _______ (stick) in a heavy traffic jam is quite an annoying experience.
7 ． Please remain ________ (seat) until the aircraft come to a stop.
8 ． I was watching the clock all through the meeting, as I had a train _______ (catch).
9 ． Tsinghua University, ________ (found) in 1911, is home to a great number of outstanding figures.
10 ． ________ (judge) from what he said just now, he must be very satisfied with your performance.
填写空白处所需的内容 (1 个单词 ) 或用所给词的正确形式填空
1 ． The hall was extremely big， ________ (measure) 200 metres long and 100 metres wide.
2 ． The noise outside stopped me settling down ________ my lessons.
3 ． ________ (surround) by trees and flowers，our school looks very beautiful.
4 ． All the factors ________ (consider)， the planned trip will have to be called off.
5 ． Difficult as it was，I managed ________ (persuade) him into ________ (give) up his plan.
1 ． The man _________ (wear) a sad look said,"I’ve lost my wallet."
2 ． How __________________________ (solve) the water problem will be discussed at the meeting next Monday.
3 ． When he woke up, he found himself ___________ (lie) in hospital.
4 ． The room with the windows ______ (face)north needs ______ (clean).
5 ． —How do you deal with the problem?
—The key to _________ (solve) the problem is to meet the demand _______ (make) by the customers.
6 ． We found that the room was empty except for a cupboard ____________ (stand) in one comer.
7 ． The teacher asked us not to leave the water ______ (run) when we left the lab.
8 ． The big earthquake hit the area several days ago, _______ (cause) the deaths of some people.
9 ． ____ (blame) for the terrible accident,the driver felt angry and claimed to be innocent.
10 ． ______ (collect) enough information about the experiment is quite necessary to make sure that data is correct.